Human Anatomy

Human Anatomy Drawings

Anatomy, a field in the biological sciences concerned with the identification and description of the body structures of living things.In other words, Human anatomy is the study of the structures of the human body. In this blog, we have described some of the important points that any artist should know before working on any project related to this topic. 

For designers, the study of human anatomy can be as simple and straightforward as learning how to work with proportions and life, or as involved and complex as an understanding of the skeletal, muscle, and surface structure of the human body.

Any expert should take care of the story behind the artwork and history related to it, it's one of the qualities of professionals to get deep learning about any artwork.

5 details should be taken care of in human anatomy drawings:

  1.  Facial expression

  2.  Gesture or pose

  3.  Clothing

  4.  Sitting

  5.  Objects

History of a potrait drawings 

​ Ancient world:

  • Portrait painting can be considered as public or private art. Portraiture becomes very popular around the 13th century and interestingly, that’s when the word ‘Portrait’ was invented.

  • In the ancient Mediterranean civilization such as Egypt, Greece and Rome, and Byzantium, paintings were primarily a form of public art, or recreational art was a type of bronze, marble, or other stone or panel painting or a mural fresco.

  • Although private artwork was implemented for royal families. Especially during the Sumerian, Egyptian and Greek eras – most of the ancient paintings were in the public sphere, designed to beautifully the public sphere and reflect today’s moral and religious values.

  • Portraits are also painted on panels. A famous exception is a series of Fayum mummy portraits (c.50 BCE – 250 BCE) found in the Fayyum basic near Cairo, in Egypt.

During late antiquity:

  • The interest in personal equality declined significantly in late antiquity, and most of the paintings in the late roman coins and consular diphtheria were rarely personalized, although at the same time fairly standard images were developed for depictions of early Christian art,  Jesus, and other major figures in Christian art, such as Baptists and Saint peter.

  • Roman art was based on practical political necessity. And roman portraits adopted a tradition of painting from both Etruscan and Greek and developed a very intense tradition, connected with the religious use of the portrait of his ancestor, as well as Roman politics.

Middle ages:

  • By the advent of the dark ages after the Roman sack, public art took a less obvious form. Between 1350 - 1400 , secular figures began to reappear in frescoes and the panel paintings, such as in Theodore’s Charles IV, and once again portraits became clear likeness.

  • Around the turn of the century, the first oil paintings of a contemporary man, painted on small wooden panels, emerged in Burgundy and France - first time as a profile, then in other opinions. wilton diptych of (ca. 1400) one of the two surviving panel portraits of Richard II of England, the earliest English king to whom we have contemporary examples.

  • In the late 15th century, the early Netherlandish painting was key to the development of individual portraits. Masters include Jan Van Eyck, Robert Kempin and Rogier Van Der Wyden, among others.

 Renaissance :

  •  Renaissance art introduced many new ideas into painting. These include technical concepts, such as linear perspective, light and shade ( chiaroscuro and sfumato) and 3-D modeling, as well as narrative concepts such as humanism.

  • These ideas provided more resources to portrait artists, which soon led to a significant increase in the quality of renaissance paintings.

  • The influence of the renaissance on the portraits persisted for centuries, as artist continued to imitate the style of Leonardo, Raphael, Titian and Michelangelo.

Baroque and Rococo:

  • During the Baroque and Rococo periods ( 17th and 18th centuries, respectively), portraits became more important records of position and status.

  • During Baroque period, especially in Netherland, a large number of group portraits were created.

  • In spain, Diego Velazquez painted Las Meninas (1656), one of the most famous and esoteric group paintings ever made. It recalls the cast and children of the Spanish royal family, and apparently the sisters are the royal couple who are only seen as reflections in mirror.

  • Starting primarily as style painter, Velazquez quickly rose to prominence as Philip IV’s court painter, excelling in the art of portraiture, especially to expand the complexity of group paintings.

  • Rococo artist, who were particularly interested in rich and intricate embellishments, were masters of sophisticated painting. His attention to details of dress and texture increased the efficacy of portraits as testers for presented by the famous portraits of Madame de Pompadour involved in bilking silk gowns.

19th century:

  • In the late 18th century and 19th centuries, neoclassical artists continued the tradition of painting subjects in the latest fashion that was until then meant for women, meaning gowns derived from ancient Greek and Roman clothing styles.

  • Artist used light to determine the shape and smoothness of the face and limbs. Romantic artists working in the first half of the 19th century used live brush strokes and dramatic, sometimes moody, lighting, using inspiring leaders, beautiful women, and provocative themes.

  • 19th- century realistic artist such as Gustave Corbett created objective paintings depicting lower and middle class people.

  • Demonstrating his romanticism, Cortbett drew many self- portraits, showing himself in different moods and expressions.

  • In the US, Thomas Ekins ruled as the lead painter, taking realism to a new level of newness, especially with his two portraits of surgeon in the works, as well as athletes and musician in action.

  • Many portraits, such as “Portrait of Mrs. Edith Mahon”, Ekins boldly convey her feelings of grief and sadness.

  • The development of photography in the 19th century had a significant impact on portraiture, suppressing the earlier camera obscura, which was also used as an aid in earlier painting.

 

​20th century:

  • The 20th century showed little interest in the classical hierarchy of genres, and was absorbed with new ways of representing reality in era of world and moral uncertainty.

  • After a series of expressionist paintings, progressed in photography, film and video, classical illustration is of little value.

  • Other artists of the early 20th century also expanded the presentation of portraits. Fauvist artist Henry Mattis created powerful portraits using non natural, but also greasy, colours for skin tone. An outstanding female painter of the 20th century, associated with the French imprint, was Olga Bjonska ( 1865-1940 ).

  • Expressionist painters provided some of the most persecuted and compelling psychological studies. By the 1960s and 1970s, the painting underwent a revival.

  •  English artists such as Lucian Freud ( grandson of Sigmund Freud) and Francis Bacon have produced powerful paintings. Bacon’s paintings are notable for the quality of his nightmares.

  • In May 2008, Freud’s 1995 portrait benefits supervisor sleeping was sold by Christie in New York city for $ 33.6 million, setting a world record for the sale price of a painting by living artist.

Types of potrait drawing  

Full length:

  • Full-length pictures take the subject’s entire body into a picture frame. Some references are defined in these full length illustrations and see these references with different compositions of colours and strokes.

  • These types of paintings are usually reminiscent of the 17th – century aristocratic era when the court was painted at full length with the artists.

  • The subject of a full length portrait is usually a figure of importance or social status and these pictures are used as media to replicate and condemn the seriousness of their position in society. We can paint these types of portraits on canvas using oil and acrylic paints.

Half-length:

  • A half-length figure shows the upper half of the human body- the upper part of the waist.

  • These types of paintings are still quite common today and depict the subject either seated or standing. This type of portrait paintings has significantly less scope for an effective backdrop than full-length ones.

  • An artist can paint this type of portrait on canvas board using water or oil paints with a monochrome background.

Bust view:

  • A bust scene focuses entirely on a person’s head and neck, which is the upper part of the body, such as in bust sculpture.

  • This eliminates the scope of an important background in such pictures and all focus is shifted to the subject’s face.

  • This picture type can either be painted using watercolors and brushes or sketched pencils. Since no background is present and the main focus is on the face, the scope of playing with the stroke is very low.

Kit cat:

 

  • Kit cat portraits essentially fall into the category of half-length portraits.

  • The only difference is that these types of pictures usually make it a point to include the subject’s hand. Also, these pictures show the body part well above the normal waist- height

Tronie:

  • Tronie is basically a picture that reflects common and natural human expressions and instincts on the subject’s face.

  • The request to portray these feelings on canvas begins in the 17th century. This was at a time when artists were strictly prohibited from imitating real human expression in their paintings.

  • You can either paint a Tronie using a water paintbrush or sketch the same with a drawing pencil.

Some Famous Potrait 

   Mona Lisa

Mona_Lisa,_by_Leonardo_da_Vinci,_from_C2

The Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci. Looking at the radical masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance, it is "the most famous, the most visited, the most sung, the most controversial work in the world”.

Girl with a pearl Earring

1200px-Meisje_met_de_parel.jpg

The girl with pearl earrings is a Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer oil painting, Dated c. 1665. Known by centuries under different names, it is known by its current title, at the end of the 20th century, after the earrings worn by the young woman.

 Arnolfini portraits:

Van_Eyck_-_Arnolfini_Portrait_edited.jpg

A portrait of Arnolfini is on a 1434 oil panel on the oak panel, a portrait of the British painter Jan van Eyck. He makes a full-length double portrait, with Italian businessman Giovanni di Nicolao Arnolfini and his wife probably at their residence in the Flemish town of Bruges.

Our potrait drawings