Updated: Apr 24
Hindu goddesses are the representation of Shakti, the feminine source of power in the universe. They are highly revered and powerful and play a central role in the creation, protection, and destruction of the universe.
Kali (Sanskrit: काली) is a Hindu goddess. Kali is the chief of the Mahavidyas, a group often Tantric goddesses. Kali’s earliest appearance is that of a destroyer of evil forces. She is the most powerful form of Shakti, and the goddess of one of the four subcategories of the Kulamārga, a category of Saivism.
She destroys the evil in order to protect the innocent. Over time, Kali has been worshipped by devotional movements and tantric sects variously as the Divine Mother, Mother of the Universe, Adi Shakti, or Adi Parashakti.
Kālī is the feminine form of “time” or “the fullness of time” with the masculine noun “kāla”—and by extension, time as “changing aspect of nature that bring things to life or death.” Other names include Kālarātri (“the black night”), and Kālikā (“the black one”).
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The homonymous kāla, “appointed time,” is distinct from kāla “black,” but became associated through popular etymology. kali is known as the anger avatar of Parvati. She is known as the wife of mahakaal(shiva), the couple of anger expression.